This volume is the third in the Southern European Housing book series. While the previous volume examines New Developments in Southern European Housing (Bargelli, Heitkamp 2018) in general, the present focuses specifically on current challenges of housing policies in Spain and Portugal. A comparison with further eight southern European countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Romania) is included. The six chapters presented in this volume are aimed to provide a better understanding of how housing policy has responded to the financial and housing crises in these countries. Were the years between 2008-2018 a ‘lost decade’ in housing policy or has real progress been made? The analyses and reflections in this book, which only represent a part of the diverse housing situations in southern European countries, are intended to stimulate and support professional debate on the subject.