opportunities and threats
editore: Pisa University Press
This book deals critically with the link between the migrants’ remittances and the developmental processes in the countries of origin of the migratory flows. Being able to provide a basic income or an additional income to the families, personal remittances contribute to the improvement of living conditions in many poor countries. Until now, however, this money is mostly spent on essential goods and only very rarely it is invested in income creating assets. This book claims that there are some obstacles that need to be overcome so that remittances can help the transformation of the societies of developing countries and become a tool for bottom-up processes of economic and social self-determination. In this regard, there are various challenges that the international community and all stakeholders need to face. Among these, the costs of transferring remittances as well as the difficulty for the families to use the remittances for other than consumption are of particular importance.
Moreover, it is necessary to fight the negative effects of remittances, promoting culture of emigration. Remittances often create a dependence between the immigrants’ countries of origin and destination, taking away responsibility from the governments of the beneficiary countries and creating passivity in the families that receive the money. We will argue that this dependence limits the opportunities of development of the countries of origin and is capable of influencing the migratory flows.